Juneteenth, officially Juneteenth National Independence Day and also known as Jubilee Day, is a federal holiday in the United States commemorating the emancipation of African-American slaves on June 19th, 1865.
General Orders No.3 celebrates and pays homage to the historical moment when emancipation was finally realized for enslaved African Americans held in captivity in the state of Texas. On June 19, 1865, Union Major General Gordon Granger arrived at the shores of Galveston, Texas and marched the streets with the 2,000 troops he commanded to read General Order No. 3. The order declared that the institution of slavery had officially ended, setting off joyful celebrations by the newly freed black men and women. This formed the basis for the annual jubilee, Juneteenth, now recognized and commemorated as an American federal holiday.